A humorous perception of inconsistency, in which an apparently straightforward statement or event is undermined by its context, giving it a different, or opposite, significance.
The three main types of irony are verbal, situational, and dramatic.
Verbal irony occurs when there’s a gap between what is said and what is meant, as in sarcasm, understatement, etc.
Situational irony occurs when there’s a gap between the expected and the actual outcome in a given situation.
Dramatic irony occurs whenever we, the reader or audience, know something that a character or speaker doesn’t.
An example of the second would be something like a fire house burning down. The song “Ironic,” by Alanis Morrissette, is actually considered to be a rather poor display of irony, with most of the lines coming off more as simply humorous or unlucky.
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