Impossible Communist Manifesto (Chap. 3: "Socialist and Communist Literature Part 1: Reactionary Socialism") by Karl Marx (Ft. Friedrich Engels)

“Not the English Restoration (1660-1689), but the French Restoration (1814-1830).” [Note by Engels to the English edition of 1888.]

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In the English reform agitation, Communist Manifesto (Chap. 3: "Socialist and Communist Literature Part 1: Reactionary Socialism") by Karl Marx (Ft. Friedrich Engels)

A reference to the movement for a reform of the electoral law which, under the pressure of the working class, was passed by the British House of Commons in 1831 and finally endorsed by the House of Lords in June, 1832. The reform was directed against monopoly rule of the landed and finance aristocracy and opened the way to Parliament for the representatives of the industrial bourgeoisie. Neither workers nor the petty-bourgeois were allowed electoral rights, despite assurances they would. VOTER FRAUD PERPETRATED BY THE MONIED ELITE? NO WAY

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Commune Communist Manifesto (Chap. 1: "Bourgeois and Proletarians") by Karl Marx (Ft. Friedrich Engels)

“ This was the name given their urban communities by the townsmen of Italy and France, after they had purchased or conquered their initial rights of self-government from their feudal lords.” [Engels, 1890 German edition]

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Guild-master and journeyman, Communist Manifesto (Chap. 1: "Bourgeois and Proletarians") by Karl Marx (Ft. Friedrich Engels)

“Guild-master, that is, a full member of a guild, a master within, not a head of a guild.” [Engels, 1888 English Edition]

A journeyman in the Middle Ages was someone who had completed apprenticeship and become educated about their craft, but not yet a guild-master.

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The history of all hitherto existing society Communist Manifesto (Chap. 1: "Bourgeois and Proletarians") by Karl Marx (Ft. Friedrich Engels)

“ That is, all written history. In 1847, the pre-history of society, the social organisation existing previous to recorded history, all but unknown. Since then, August von Haxthausen (1792-1866) discovered common ownership of land in Russia, Georg Ludwig von Maurer proved it to be the social foundation from which all Teutonic races started in history, and, by and by, village communities were found to be, or to have been, the primitive form of society everywhere from India to Ireland. The inner organisation of this primitive communistic society was laid bare, in its typical form, by Lewis Henry Morgan’s (1818-1861) crowning discovery of the true nature of the gens and its relation to the tribe. With the dissolution of the primeval communities, society begins to be differentiated into separate and finally antagonistic classes.”[Engels, 1888 English Edition]

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Bourgeois and Proletarians Communist Manifesto (Chap. 1: "Bourgeois and Proletarians") by Karl Marx (Ft. Friedrich Engels)

“By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labour. By proletariat, the class of modern wage labourers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labour power in order to live.” [Engels, 1888 English edition]

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QT Book: 1 Section: 2 Of the Invention of Centripetal Forces. by Sir Isaac Newton

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Solid Book: 1 Section: 2 Of the Invention of Centripetal Forces. by Sir Isaac Newton

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PROPOSITION V. PROBLEM I. Book: 1 Section: 2 Of the Invention of Centripetal Forces. by Sir Isaac Newton

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PROPOSITION II. THEOREM II. Book: 1 Section: 2 Of the Invention of Centripetal Forces. by Sir Isaac Newton

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