MalcolmFleX

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This statement is of incredible importance when taken in context of the US foreign policy going into the Cold War. As per NSC 68 (the policy planning document for the Cold War) the main concern for Soviet expansion lay with:

the possibility that no coalition adequate to confront the Kremlin with greater strength could be assembled

Whether it was the US' own sphere of influence—namely Latin America (there is a long history regarding this relationship)—or it’s future prospects, the Soviets could not be allowed a single inch or the US would find itself in a situation where:

[the] Republic and its citizens in the ascendancy of their strength [would] stand in their deepest peril.

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Of course, this rhetoric is underlying the fact that the Cuban situation must take on a character which we approve of as holding our values of “the spirit of liberty”, giving the pretense and justification of efforts to intervene. For example, it provides cause for and justifies Operation Moongoose which as RFK described as:

My idea is to stir things up on the island with espionage, sabotage, general disorder, run and operated by Cubans themselves with every group but Batistaites and Communists. Do not know if we will be successful in overthrowing Castro but we have nothing to lose in my estimate.

In another case the cause and justification for another action, such as a repeated global denunciation of the US embargo of Cuba, is that the Cubans themselves “stifle the spirit of liberty” so the United States must act to let liberty breathe by strangling the economy.

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Kennedy implies that Castro hijacked the goals of the July 26th Movement which bought him to power by ending the Batista dictatorship in 1959. However, this does not correctly portray the events surrounding how Castro’s government became a regime.

Cuba was, for all intents and purposes, under the thumb of US business interests with Batista. With the support of the United States, Batista allowed US business interests to rein supreme and as Kennedy put it in 1960:

At the beginning of 1959 US companies owned about 40 percent of the Cuban sugar lands—almost all the cattle ranches—90 percent of the mines and mineral concessions—80 percent of the utilities—practically all the oil industry—and supplied two-thirds of Cuba’s imports.

One of Fidel Castro’s first moves was agrarian reform, which greatly worried the United States due to the billions that were at stake. The US interference with Castro’s governance was largely a move to protect US business interests in the country from being hurt by laws such as limitations on acreage or restrictions of farm ownership to Cuban nationals.

Further Reading

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Hitler’s Eastern Front was near collapse following the disastrous results of the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943.

Widely considered to be the turning point of the Eastern Front and thus World War II, the devastating defeat of the Germans and their allies at Stalingrad would serve to keep their forces on a permanent defensive against emboldened Soviets and wipe out a year of gains into Soviet territory and hegemony. Demoralized, shattered, and devastated, this battle marked the beginning of the end.

By 1944, as Orwell stated quite boldly “Hitler, no doubt, [would] soon disappear”.

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The thin line metaphor represents the idea that someone is straddling the safe zone between two equally dangerous possibilities that it is far too easy to slip into.

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A prospect that would scare even a tenured Time Lord like the dear Doctor Who

You see, a clock without a minute hand not only literally means Mr. Porter cannot tell how much time is passing—making short amounts of time feel like eternity—but it also represents the trope that as time goes on, one’s sanity and mental fortitude begin to slip away despite best efforts; sort of like our GPAs in college.

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D-1 is short for Division 1, the highest level of college sports sanctioned by the NCAA. Due to the bigger budgets, high-end facilities, larger capacity for attracting talent (through scholarships for example), D-1 schools end up being the schools with the greatest assortment of athletes, regularly serving as major players and powers within the sport.

You can’t beat Based God though even with your fancy D-1 stats. Based God’s facilities are not of this world, they’re Based . You can’t match his budget, it’s Based.99. You can’t match his talent, he’s Based God.

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For example, there was that one time in Ancient Egypt when Based God was doing the nasty with Cleopatra and suddenly, Mark Anthony’s squad walked in on them.

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António de Oliveira Salazar was an economics professor turned prime minister (read “virtual dictator”) of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.

It was Salazar who was responsible for Estado Novo (New State), the far-right “corporatist authoritarian [Portuguese] regime” which looked to maintain Portugal’s colonial territories while disassembling its citizen’s basic freedoms and rights.

Appealing to interested liberal capitalists—looking for new profit opportunities—in addition to coalitions of right-wing religious factions (Roman Catholicism) and anti-left reactionary movements, Salazar in a way exuded the “petty… [superhuman] fuhrer” of which Orwell pointed out would stand to gain from Hitler’s inevitable vanquishing.

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There was a very palpable threat of fascism which weighed heavy over the Western world during the early 20th century. There was a sense of both “cancer” and “twilight”: cancer because of the reactionary far-right movements hat began to emerge and take a hold of Europe—previously the paragon of Western civilization and democracy—and twilight because the era of civilization and democracy and order was coming to a complete halt.

Equally frightening, but discussed to a much lesser extent, was the emergence of fascism and other reactionary movements in Japan, for example.

For further reading, check out the History of the Fascism: 1914-1945 which details the development of the background which enabled these ideologies to take hold.

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"Dangerous situation in Laos" (President John F. Kennedy – Letter to Chairman Khrushchev) | accepted

You should also discuss concurrent/subsequent plans to bomb Laos when there were no Soviets were inside—for the heck of it. Yale has a nice summary of it but of course Gnome Chompsky does it best.

"We have the information we need to meet our intelligence ..." (President Barack Obama – Statement on Section 215 Bulk Metadata Program) | accepted

When making an affirmation like this, you have to back it up. How do we know they have failed to disclose any thwarted attempts? Was this reported? Have they admitted as much?

"The United States was at peace with that nation" (Franklin Delano Roosevelt – Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation) | pending

This also has some interesting context, the document from which this idea is from is a book you can find here (chapter 10, page 275 in the Google Doc). I don’t see it as unlikely that Washington had some idea what Japan was planning for Asia.

Where did you find this gem?

A minimalist game and a minimalist creator

"Marcus Garvey did The Garden in embroidered scarves" (YC The Cynic – Negus) | accepted

Only thing I would add is a hyperlink to some source that explains Pan-Africanism and Garvey’s pan-africanism.

"Joey Bada$$" (Rap Genius Editors – Teams) | pending

trust me it’s killing me too hahaha

"1.1 The world is the totality of facts, not of things." (Ludwig Wittgenstein – Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (Proposition 1)) | pending

YES! I LOVE your explanation: the case of the world is not the objects in a physical/temporal sense but the collections of facts which can be true or not since they are representations of states of affairs which are collections of objects. The world is not all the objects, the trees or pencils, but the facts about the pencils and the tress, their relationships.

"Hiroshima never recovered and all the evidence was smothe..." (Jay Electronica – Dimethyltryptamine) | pending

That is to what the second part refers to, I should have made it clear originally however.

"Hiroshima never recovered and all the evidence was smothe..." (Jay Electronica – Dimethyltryptamine) | pending

There was no conspiracy committed by the American government at least, but there has always been significant evidence, now acknowledged by our own government, that the Saudi regime at least had a major role in financing it: ergo the ability for militants to get nanothermite into the building.