Is Pious pious cause God loves pious?
The Euthyphro dilemma arises when Socrates asks Euthyphro:
Is the pious loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods?“
In other words,
- Do the gods love something because it is pious?
- Is something pious because the gods love it?
Socrates and Euthyphro both agree that the first is true, but Socrates argues that if the second is also true and something is pious because the gods love it then the first and second together would yield a self-perpetuating cycle in which the gods love the pious because it is the pious and the pious are only pious because the gods love it.
The dialectic gets at some of the central questions of morality (sovereignty, omnipotence, freedom of the will, morality without God) and has implications not only for metaphysics and theology, but also for epistemology.
Jay also one-ups Plato, because there have been a bunch of popes named Pius, who may or may not have been pious.
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