Shame at all the damage that the white man wine did
The white man, in this case the colonisers, were those who stole the land of the Natives and caused much damage. One major way was by the intentional spread of deadly diseases like smallpox. Another was by consistently stealing land by force. Yet another was by creating scalp bounties on Indian heads. Finally, there was the deliberate spread of alcoholism
Some Native people traded anything they owned for alcohol, which left them destitute and defenseless against winter temperatures. This was not quality alcohol. The so-called whiskey given out by traders for buffalo robes and other furs was a lethal concoction of alcohol mixed with anything that would give it colour and substance—bluestone, burnt sugar, castile soap, Jamaica Ginger, Perry Davis Painkiller, tea, ink and sometimes, horrifically, strychnine (a poison).” – Margaret A. Kennedy, The Whiskey Trade of the Northwestern Plains
This last point, however, is debated.
The incidence of alcoholism is affected by the cultural and economic situation of the community. Less deprived Native communities do have lower rates of alcoholism than those who suffer from extreme poverty and the attendant problems.
Pine Ridge is also a the name of a vineyard in Napa Valley.
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