They tryna lock niggas up
They tryna make new slaves

from Kanye West (Ft. Frank Ocean) – New Slaves Lyrics on Rap Genius

Meaning

Kanye’s talking about institutional racism in the prison-industrial complex. This topic is covered in-depth by Michelle Alexander in her book The New Jim Crow.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3StkAWS_Sv4

For example, a 1991 survey, recorded by the National Institute of Drug Abuse, found Black people were no more likely to use drugs than a White person. However the amount of drug arrests of blacks more than double from 1985 to 1989 and drug arrests of the white population only increased by 27%. Justice Department Statistics reports that Blacks only make up 12% of the American population but amount for 74% of those sentenced to prison for drug possession

The 13th amendment paves the way for this kind of slavery, when it states:

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, EXCEPT as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted.

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